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Person Detail: Ralph Ellison

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General Information:
Full Name: Ralph Ellison
Biography:
(1914-1994) Novelist, writer. Ralph Ellison was born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Apart from the winter of 1937 spent in Dayton, Ohio, the war years in the merchant marine, and two years (1955-1957) in Rome as a guest of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Ralph Ellison lived in New York City on St. Nicholas Avenue from his arrival there in 1936 until his death in 1994. In the 1930s and 40s, Ellison could be found at the Albert Schomburg Library. He worked for the New Challenge with Richard Wright. In 1938, he was hired by the Federal Writers Project. From 1937 to 1944, Ellison wrote over twenty book reviews for such radical periodicals as New Challenge, Direction, and The Negro Quarterly. In 1940, the New Masses printed at least one piece by him every month. After his publication of several short stories, he set about working on his novel, which began with the words: "I am an invisible man." He worked on this novel at his apartment on St. Nicholas Avenue, and then traveled downtown every morning to work like any businessman. Using a friend's 5th Avenue office, he put in at least eight hours a day writing before returning home. This novel, published as "Invisible Man" in 1952, has since achieved the status of an undisputed classic of American literature. Also, Ellison published "Shadow and Act" (1964), essays on race, the artist, and society. In 2014 the United States Postal Service issued its 29th stamp in the Literary Arts series in honor of Ralph Ellison.
Author's Timeline:
1955 Dutchess County
Mr. Ellison and Saul Bellow shared a house owned by Mr. Bellow in Tivoli, New York, during the late 1950s. 
1936 New York County
Mr. Ellison moved to Manhattan, New York, in 1936 and lived on St. Nicholas Avenue from his arrival there in 1936 until his death in 1994. 
1914 (Unknown) County
Ralph Waldo Ellison was born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, on March 1, 1914. 
1994 New York County
Ralph Ellison died at his home on Riverside Drive in Manhattan, New York, on April 16, 1994. 
1952 New York County
Invisible Man
(Pub: Random House ISBN: 0679601392)
Novel, winner of the National Book Award in 1953. 
1964 New York County
Shadow and Act
(Pub: Random House ISBN: 0-679-76000-8)
Collection of essays. 
1986 (Unknown) County
Going To The Territory
(Pub: Random House ISBN: 0-394-54050-6)
Collection of essays. 
1999 (Unknown) County
Juneteenth
(Pub: Random House ISBN: 0-394-46457-5)
Novel. 
1994 New York County
Ralph Ellison was interred at Trinity Church Cemetery and Mausoleum, Manhattan, New York. 
1970 New York County
Mr. Ellison taught at New York University from 1970 to 1980. 
1995 (Unknown) County
The Collected Essays of Ralph Ellison
(Pub: Modern Library ISBN: 0679601767 / 978-0679601760)
Collection of essays. 
2001 (Unknown) County
Living with Music: Ralph Ellison's Jazz Writings
(Pub: Modern Library ISBN: 0679640347 / 978-0679640349)
Nonfiction. 
1996 (Unknown) County
Flying Home: And Other Stories
(Pub: Random House ISBN: 0679457046 / 978-0679457046)
Collection of short stories. 
2010 (Unknown) County
Three Days Before The Shooting...
(Pub: Modern Library ISBN: 0375759530 / 978-0375759536)
Novel. 
2000 (Unknown) County
Trading Twelves: The Selected Letters of Ralph Ellison and Albert Murray
(Pub: Modern Library ISBN: 0375503676 / 978-0375503672)
Collection of letters. 

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